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The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, commonly known as the Forests Rights Act (FRA), was enacted by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs to correct the historic injustice done to forest-dwelling communities. These communities traditonally cultivate and occupy forest land and using forest produce, but also have no historical security over the land.
The Act recognises and vests individual forest-dwellers with forest rights to live in and cultivate forest land that was occupied before 13 Dec 2005 and grants community forest rights to manage, protect, and regenerate the forest.
In Madhya Pradesh, the forest dwellers have taken it upon themselves to actively engage in the effective operationalistion of this Act.